Vaughan’s Vocabulary

Don Vaughan provides infrequently used words to strengthen your vocabulary.

A sub-plot in Shakespeare’s Henry IV, Part One involves the King’s son, Prince Harry, who spends time with a bad crowd, but secretly plans to transform himself into a noble prince. Harry keeps company with low class friends and exhibits poor behavior to make his father and the people think negatively of him so that when he indeed transforms into a noble prince, it will be a pleasant surprise and make a greater impression.
Like the prince, sometimes individuals will maintain a low quality of communicating, but when a transformation takes place, it is an impressive surprise. The starting point of becoming a princely communicator, as it were, is deciding to become effective in communicating. Effective communication involves thinking, listening, speaking, reading, writing, interpreting, and learning in a manner that transforms you and others. Vocabulary building can make communication more effective, princely if you will.

1. daub (DAWB)

A. to cover or coat
B. to paint skillfully
C. to speak
D. to change

Daub, last week’s mystery word, appears in the first scene of King Henry IV Part One. The King states, “No more the thirsty entrance of this soil shall daub her lips with her own children’s blood.”  A is the answer. Example: Megan daubed makeup on her face.

2. alacritous (uh-LACK-ruh-tus)
A. having the condition of starving

B. having a cheerful readiness, promptness or willingness
C. having an unwillingness to complete a task
D. having a mean or unpleasant disposition

3. deter (dih-TUR)

A. to precipitate
B. to encourage
C. to shake
D. to discourage or restrain from acting or proceeding

4. erudite (AIR-you-dite)

A. extremely delicate or refined
B. characterized by great knowledge
C. light, airy, tenuous
D. heavenly or celestial

No. 2, alacritous, is B. No. 3, deter, is D. For No. 4, A, C and D are definitions for one of my favorite words, ethereal. B is correct for erudite.

5. peremptory (puh-REMP-tuh-ree)

A. when an individual has the attitude of “I should be obeyed without question”
B. used to describe an order or command that must be obeyed
C. when an end to a right of action is put into effect
D. expressive of urgency or command

This word is often misspelled with a “pre.” All four choices are correct.

This week’s mystery word to solve has the name Greg in it, like the word gregarious. The mystery word means flagrantly bad.