Civil War – The Gettysburg address and its part in the war

Submitted by C.J. Johnson

 

In early November 1863, President Lincoln was invited to speak at the dedication ceremony for the Gettysburg (Pennsylvania) National Military Cemetery. The July 1863 Battle of Gettysburg was one of the bloodiest, most horrific battles at that point during the Civil War. Now, part of the battlefield was being dedicated as a National Cemetery.

Lincoln was not the “keynote speaker” for this event, yet it is his short speech that is remembered today, and memorized by students. Its importance is in the words – with references to the ideals that formed this country, remembering the sacrifices and deaths resulting from the current war, and asking for continuance and winning the war for fundamental reasons.

On November 18, Lincoln and some of his staff and cabinet took the train to Gettysburg. That evening after dinner, he finalized his thoughts.

The Gettysburg Address: “Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal. Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we cannot dedicate — we cannot consecrate — we cannot hallow — this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here.

It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain — that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom — and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”

“On June 1, 1865, Senator Charles Sumner commented on what is now considered the most famous speech by President Abraham Lincoln. In his eulogy on the slain president, he called it a ‘monumental act.’ He said Lincoln was mistaken that ‘the world will little note, nor long remember what we say here.’ Rather, the Bostonian remarked, ‘The world noted at once what he said, and will never cease to remember it. The battle itself was less important than the speech,’” according to history.com.