Vaughan’s Vocabulary

Don Vaughan provides infrequently used words to strengthen your
vocabulary.

In last week’s column I wrote about The Wall by Pink Floyd. I am just now getting around to listening to this album, released more than 30 years ago. Only Another Brick in the Wall, Comfortably Numb, and Hey You were songs from The Wall that I had heard. Not necessarily because of its lyrics, but because of its dynamic sound and creative title, my favorite from that album is One of My Turns (especially the loud half; the first half is soft and somber, the second loud and lively). I think Roger Waters, who composed the song, used “turns” for moods that lead to actions.

Hopefully, one of your turns is learning words to increase your vocabulary and to become more effective in your communication. I hope that you will continue to use Vaughan’s Vocabulary as a motivation to leave no stone unturned when it comes to new words. See how you do with the following five.

1. detachedness (de-TA (soft a)-chid-nis)

A. having the tendency of being cutting, caustic

B. the state of having an aloof objectivity, usually free from prejudice or a hidden agenda

C. soft and somber

D. loud and lively

2. putto (PEW-toe)

A. a dough-like material to fasten glass in window frames and to fill crevices

B. a figure of a male infant or cherubic infant in Renaissance art

C. the typical or ordinary woman

D. the typical or ordinary man

No. 1 is B and so is No. 2.

3. cachet (KA (soft a)-shay)

A. prestige

B. a blunt instrument

C. the final remark in a verbal exchange

D. permission

Wearing cufflinks and pocket squares carries a certain cachet. A is the answer.

4. cadenza (cuh-DEN-zuh)

A. briefcase

B. an exceptionally brilliant part of an artistic work

C. elegance in style

D. den mother

A cadenza is an exceptionally brilliant part of an artistic work, especially in classical music. B is the answer.

5.  gemutlichkeit (guh-MUET-lik-kite)

A. a parabolic cadenza

B. a vitriolic cadenza

C. warm friendliness

D. a fissure

October 2 week’s mystery word is psychopathic.

This week’s mystery word to solve has a syllable that has the sound of something you and I are in every day. The mystery word is a noun for a type of food and serving it at a dinner party carries a certain.

10-16-13 column

Are there times when you are not able to decide what you would like to have for a home cooked meal? During our commute from her office to home, my wife will ask me what I would like for the evening meal. Often I cannot decide. Have you ever thought, “Hmm, I’m hungry, but I don’t know what I’m hungry for”? Perhaps the solution would be a long list of alphabetized items, from Abalone to zucchini!

I certainly cannot think of a myriad food items by myself; therefore, I am asking my Vaughan’s Vocabulary readers to email me ideas, especially entrée items. Please do not limit your food suggestions to names that we don’t hear every day. The finished list can be helpful in planning meals, and I will be happy to e-mail attachments of it. See how you do with the following food terms.

1. escargot (es-CAR-go)

A. a thistle-like Eurasian plant

B. a variety of edible snail, usually eaten with a sauce made of melted butter and garlic

C. an edible food with blood that is toxic to humans and mammals

D. a French word

I chose escargot for last week’s mystery word. The clue: It has a syllable that has the sound of something you and I are in every day. The mystery word is a noun for a type of food and serving it at a dinner party carries a certain cachet. A defines artichoke; C pertains to eel. A and D are correct for escargot.

2. pomelo (POM-uh-low)

A. another name for pita bread

B. an ingredient for sauerkraut

C. large, yellow or orange citrus fruit

D. a salt water fish

Pomelo is another name for grapefruit. C is the answer.

3. sushi (SUE-she)

A. noodles garnished with various spices

B. hot rice made into different shapes

C. cold rice with vinegar and garnished with bits of raw fish

D. raw fish cut thinly

What I have for D is a definition for sashimi. C is the answer for sushi.

4. chard (CHARRED)

A. baked bananas

B. a leafy green vegetable often used in Mediterranean cooking

C. any burned food

D. None of the above

5. Which one is a food?

A. sybarite (SI-buh-rite)

B. kohlrabi (kol-RAH-be)

C. plethora (PLETH-uh-ruh)

D. sword of Damocles (DAH-muh-cleeze)

E. crème de la crème (KREM-duh-la-KREM)

Chard is often referred to as Swiss chard, a beet with big leaves and succulent stalks. B is the answer. No. 5 is kohlrabi, a type of cabbage.

This week’s mystery word is French for “enjoy your meal.” (I will, if I can decide what it will be.)